Patents by Inventor Theodore R. Bristow, Jr.
Theodore R. Bristow, Jr. has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Electrical Generator I
Electrical Generator II
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a novel and useful electricity generating apparatus.
The generation of electrical power is of utmost important in the modern world. Since the invention of the dynamo electrical power using this technology has been the dominant method throughout the world. For example, generators which rotate conductors or magnetic fields in a relative fashion are used to essentially convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. Such generators are also motivated by hydraulic force, steam produce by fossil fuel, and the like. Also electrical energy could be generated through mechanical rotation dynamos using wind and tidal sources. To a lesser extent, solar cells directly convert ultraviolet light into an electrical power using crystalline structures such as those of silicon, germanium, and the like.
As an alternative to electrical power plants, many systems have been proposed to generated electrical power in a similar manner. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,798,090 teaches the generation of electricity by multiple magnets located an axis which interact with electrical coils to produce current.
U.S. Pat. No. 2,810,083 and PCT Application WO93/05566 describe accelerating motors which use the interaction of magnets and coils in combination with pendulums.
U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,924,123, 5,818,132, and 6,172,426 show linear generators in which conductors are moved in a linear direction relative to coils in which electrical energy is generated.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,696,413 describes an electrical generator which shows a generator coil that slides over a pole core connected to a float member. The float member obtains movement from waves in a body of water.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,347,186 and Japanese Patent abstract 58200191 describe pendulum electrical generators which employ a permanent magnet that interacts with a coil to create an electrical current.
An electricity generating apparatus which is simple and reliable would be a notable advance in the field of power generation.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In accordance with the present invention a novel and useful electricity generating apparatus is herein provided.
The apparatus of the present invention utilizes a support having a rest or place of contact. A pendulum having an arm is utilized with a first end portion engaging the rest of the support and a second end portion distally located relative to such rest. The second end portion of pendulum travels in an arcuate path when the arm of the pendulum swings. The first end portion of the pendulum arm essentially rotates about or relative to an axis at the rest of the support.
An actuator is also employed in the present invention for swinging the pendulum about or relative to the axis. The actuator possesses a source of magnetic force located at the second end portion of the arm of the pendulum. In certain cases, the provision of such magnetic force includes a placement of a permanent magnet at the second end portion of the arm of the pendulum. A electromagnet is positioned in the vicinity of the permanent magnet in order to interact with the permanent magnet of the pendulum arm. In other words, the electro magnet is located adjacent arcuate path which the second end portion of the arm of the pendulum follows in its swinging motion. A switch selectively activates the electro magnet during portion of the swing of the pendulum arm in order to attract the permanent magnet and, following passage of the permanent magnet from the electromagnet, to allow the permanent magnet to move away. In this manner, the electromagnet, employing a very small amount of power, is able to move the pendulum back and forth.
At least one coil, and preferably many coils, are held in a fixed relationship to the swinging of the pendulum. A member is connected to the pendulum and includes a magnet along the same. The magnet fixed to the member is capable of passing through the fixed coils in order to generate electrical current. The device may include multiple magnets and coils arranged along an arcuate path or in a circular path to achieve this result. Of course, conductors are located to communicate with the fixed coils and to transport the electrical energy or electricity for use as needed, i.e. to illuminate a space, to pump water, to charge a battery, and the like.
It may be apparent that a novel and useful electricity generating apparatus has been heretofore described.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an electricity generating apparatus which is relatively simple to manufacture and maintain.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus which is reliable and uses mechanical motion which is minimal relative prior art devices.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus which utilizes the motion of a pendulum and generates electrical power by the interaction of permanent magnets and conducting coils.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus which operates with a minimum of friction resistance.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus which utilizes known elements in a unique manner to produce electrical power in a highly efficient manner.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus utilizing a stator having a plurality of coils sandwiched between a pair of rotators, one holding magnets oriented in a first direction and another having magnets oriented in another direction such that electricity is generated by the coils when the rotators turn relative to the stator.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus using a stator and a pair of rotors that are turned by an arm that itself rotates 360 degrees.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an electricity generating apparatus which employs a capacitor bank in the storage of electrical power.
The invention passes other objects and advantages which will become apparent as the specification continues.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the apparatus of the present invention with the pendulum in a neutral position
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the apparatus of the present invention with the pendulum in a swinging configuration.
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the apparatus of the present invention, in part.
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of a permanent magnet interacting with a fixed coil of the apparatus depicted in FIG. 1, and FIG. 2.
FIG. 5 is a right side view of the apparatus of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view depicting the switch mechanism used with the pendulum arm of the apparatus of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of another embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a front elevational view of a third embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along line 9-9 of FIG. 8 with portions shown partially.
FIG. 10 is a plan view of the stator portion of the device of FIG. 8.
FIG. 11 is a plan view of one of the rotors depicted in FIG. 9.
FIG. 12 is a schematic isometric view depicting a typical coil in the stator between a pair of magnets of opposite polarity found in a pair of rotors sandwiching the stator.
FIG. 13 is a block diagram depicting the general passage of power generated by the apparatus of FIG. 8 to a storage battery.
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the interactions between the turning arm and a magnetic coil.
For a better understanding of the invention reference is made to the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the invention which should be taken in conjunction with the above described drawings.